Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Posted by on Dec 28, 2011 in Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of disorders characterized by impairments or delays in social interaction, communication and language, as well as by repetitive routines and behaviors. They are called spectrum disorders because of the wide range and severity of symptoms. Children with ASD do not follow the typical patterns of child development. In some children, hints of future problems may be apparent from birth. In most cases, the problems in communication and social skills become more noticeable as the child lags further behind other children the same age. ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors that can range from the very mild to the severe.

An individualized assessment of each child exhibiting possible symptoms of ASD is needed. The presentation of the core features of Autism will vary between individuals and within the same individual at different developmental stages. Though some patients may identify concerns before 18 months of age, the average age of diagnosis is closer to 4 years old. Later diagnosis can occur with Asperger’s disorder, PDD, or in those with access to fewer health care resources, as in rural or economically disadvantaged areas. [Zwaigenbaum: 2009].

Autism Spectrum DisorderAutism Spectrum Disorder